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The benefits of combining 1D and 3D nanofillers in a piezocomposite nanogenerator for biomechanical energy harvesting

Abstract : Mechanical energy harvesting using piezoelectric nanogenerators (PNGs) offers an attractive solution for driving low-power portable devices and self-powered electronic systems. Here, we designed an eco-friendly and flexible piezocomposite nanogenerator (c-PNG) based on H-2(Zr0.1Ti0.9)(3)O-7 nanowires (HZTO-nw) and Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.10Ti0.90O3 multipods (BCZT-mp) as fillers and polylactic acid (PLA) as a biodegradable polymer matrix. The effects of the applied stress amplitude, frequency and pressing duration on the electric outputs in the piezocomposite nanogenerator (c-PNG) device were investigated by simultaneous recording of the mechanical input and the electrical outputs. The fabricated c-PNG shows a maximum output voltage, current and volumetric power density of 11.5 V, 0.6 mu A and 9.2 mW cm(-3), respectively, under cyclic finger imparting. A high-pressure sensitivity of 0.86 V kPa(-1) (equivalent to 3.6 V N-1) and fast response time of 45 ms were obtained in the dynamic pressure sensing. Besides this, the c-PNG demonstrates high-stability and durability of the electrical outputs for around three months, and can drive commercial electronics (charging capacitor, glowing light-emitting diodes and powering a calculator). Multi-physics simulations indicate that the presence of BCZT-mp is crucial in enhancing the piezoelectric response of the c-PNG. Accordingly, this work reveals that combining 1D and 3D fillers in a polymer composite-based PNG could be beneficial in improving the mechanical energy harvesting performances in flexible piezoelectric nanogenerators for application in electronic skin and wearable devices.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03837956
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Soumis le : jeudi 3 novembre 2022 - 11:33:59
Dernière modification le : mardi 15 novembre 2022 - 10:23:23

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Zouhair Hanani, Ilyasse Izanzar, Soukaina Merselmiz, M'Barek Amjoud, Daoud Mezzane, et al.. The benefits of combining 1D and 3D nanofillers in a piezocomposite nanogenerator for biomechanical energy harvesting. Nanoscale Advances, 2022, 4 (21), pp.4658-4668. ⟨10.1039/d2na00429a⟩. ⟨hal-03837956⟩

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