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Increased Risk of Cancer and Mortality in a Large French Population-Based Paediatric-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease Retrospective Cohort.

Abstract : BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Paediatric-onset IBD (pIBD) is associated with an increased risk of cancer and mortality in adulthood. The aims of this study were to measure the incidence of cancer and mortality in patients with pIBD and identify factors associated with mortality and cancer. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) before the age of 17 years between 1988 and 2011 in the EPIMAD registry, were retrospectively followed until 2013 for cancer and 2015 for mortality. Standardized incidence (SIR) and mortality ratios (SMR) were estimated compared to the general population. Cox regression was used to compare effect of exposures on cancer and mortality among IBD patients. RESULTS: We included 1,344 patients (52% males, 75% CD), totalising 12,957 patient-years for cancer incidence and 18,817 patient-years for mortality. There were 14 cases of cancer (median age 27.8 years) and 15 deaths (median age 28.8 years). The incidence of cancer and of mortality were increased compared to the general population: all-cancer SIR = 2.7 (95%CI: 1.5-4.8), SMR = 1.7 (95%CI: 1.0-2.8). Colorectal cancer had the highest SIR and SMR: SIR=41.2 (95%CI: 17.2-99.0), SMR=70.4 (95%CI 22.7-218.2). Cancer was associated with (HR, 95%CI): active smoking at diagnosis (5.5, 1.8-16.5), p=0.002, any exposure to anti-TNF (6.1, 1.7-22.3), p=0.0065 and exposure to combination therapy (7.4, 1.8-29.7), p=0.0047. Mortality was associated with extraintestinal manifestations (HR 4.9 (95% CI: 1.7-13.8), p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: In this large population-based cohort, patients with pIBD had an increased risk of both cancer (2.7-fold) and mortality (1.7-fold), particularly for colorectal cancer.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03838382
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Soumis le : jeudi 3 novembre 2022 - 15:07:54
Dernière modification le : mardi 22 novembre 2022 - 14:26:16

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Claire Dupont-Lucas, Ariane Leroyer, Delphine Ley, Claire Spyckerelle, Valérie Bertrand, et al.. Increased Risk of Cancer and Mortality in a Large French Population-Based Paediatric-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease Retrospective Cohort.. Journal of Crohn's & Colitis, 2022, pp.jjac166. ⟨10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjac166⟩. ⟨hal-03838382⟩

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