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Shallow Neural Network for Biometrics from the ECG-WATCH

Abstract : Applications such as surveillance, banking and healthcare deal with sensitive data whose confidentiality and integrity depends on accurate human recognition. In this sense, the crucial mechanism for performing an effective access control is authentication, which unequivocally yields user identity. In 2018, just in North America, around 445K identity thefts have been denounced. The most adopted strategy for automatic identity recognition uses a secret for encrypting and decrypting the authentication information. This approach works very well until the secret is kept safe. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) can be exploited for biometric purposes because both the physiological and geometrical differences in each human heart correspond to uniqueness in the ECG morphology. Compared with classical biometric techniques, e.g. fingerprints, ECG-based methods can definitely be considered a more reliable and safer way for user authentication due to ECG inherent robustness to circumvention, obfuscation and replay attacks. In this paper, the ECG WATCH, a non-expensive wristwatch for recording ECGs anytime, anywhere, in just 10 s, is proposed for user authentication. The ECG WATCH acquisitions have been used to train a shallow neural network, which has reached a 99% classification accuracy and 100% intruder recognition rate.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03845644
Contributeur : Louise DESSAIVRE Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : mercredi 9 novembre 2022 - 16:23:33
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 novembre 2022 - 03:09:40

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Vincenzo Randazzo, Giansalvo Cirrincione, Eros Pasero. Shallow Neural Network for Biometrics from the ECG-WATCH. Intelligent Computing Theories and Application, 12463, Springer International Publishing, pp.259-269, 2020, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-60799-9_22⟩. ⟨hal-03845644⟩

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