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Endometrium Immunomodulation to Prevent Recurrent Implantation Failure in Assisted Reproductive Technology

Abstract : After more than four decades of assisted reproductive technology (ART) practice worldwide, today more than 60% of women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments fail to become pregnant after the first embryo transfer and nearly 20% of patients are suffering from unexplained recurrent implantation failures (RIFs) and repeated pregnancy loss (RPL). The literature reported different causes of RIF–RPL, mainly multifactorial, endometrial and idiopathic. RIF remains a black box because of the complicated categorization and causes of this physio-pathological dysregulation of implantation and pregnancy process after ovarian stimulation. Many options were suggested as solutions to treat RIF–RPL with controversial results on their usefulness. In this article, we reviewed different possible therapeutic options to improve implantation rates and clinical outcomes. Based on our experience we believe that endometrium immunomodulation after intrauterine insemination of activated autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be a promising therapeutic solution. On the other hand, peripheral lymphocyte balance typing, specific cytokines and interleukins profiling can be proposed as predictive biomarkers of implantation before embryo transfer.
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Contributeur : Louise DESSAIVRE Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 18 novembre 2022 - 10:32:02
Dernière modification le : samedi 19 novembre 2022 - 03:23:05

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Mustapha Benkhalifa, Fabien Joao, Cynthia Duval, Debbie Montjean, Molka Bouricha, et al.. Endometrium Immunomodulation to Prevent Recurrent Implantation Failure in Assisted Reproductive Technology. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (21), pp.12787. ⟨10.3390/ijms232112787⟩. ⟨hal-03859278⟩



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