Fetal and Neonatal Adverse Drug Reactions Associated with Biologics Taken During Pregnancy by Women with Autoimmune Diseases: Insights from an Analysis of the World Health Organization Pharmacovigilance Database (VigiBase®) - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue BioDrugs Année : 2022

Fetal and Neonatal Adverse Drug Reactions Associated with Biologics Taken During Pregnancy by Women with Autoimmune Diseases: Insights from an Analysis of the World Health Organization Pharmacovigilance Database (VigiBase®)

(1, 2) , (3, 1) , (1, 3) , (1) , (1, 3) , (1, 3) , (1) , (1, 3) , (1, 3, 2, 4)
1
2
3
4

Résumé

Introduction: Published data on the safety of biologics other than tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors during pregnancy are limited. Objective: The aim was to detect pharmacovigilance signals for fetal and neonatal adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to biologics taken by pregnant women with autoimmune diseases. Methods: We performed a disproportionality analysis of the World Health Organization's VigiBase® pharmacovigilance database from 1968 to June 1, 2021. Data were collected in June 2021. By using terms for different hierarchical levels of the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities, we selected the following fetal or neonatal ADRs: stillbirth, premature birth, low birth weight, small for gestational age, and congenital malformations. The frequency of all identified ADRs for biologics of interest (adalimumab, infliximab, golimumab, certolizumab, etanercept, anakinra, canakinumab, tocilizumab, sarilumab, ustekinumab, guselkumab, secukinumab, ixekizumab, belimumab, abatacept, and rituximab) was compared with that of all other reports for all other drugs and quoted as the reporting odds ratio (ROR) [95% confidence interval]. Reports with known concomitant use of teratogenic drugs were excluded from the main analysis. Other analyses included ROR stratifications by therapeutic indication in the periods 1968-2021 and 2001-2021, and an analysis after excluding reports with steroids. Results: In the main analysis, the RORs were particularly high for musculoskeletal malformations with anakinra (7.18 [3.50-14.73]), canakinumab (19.54 [12.82-29.79]), and abatacept (5.09 [2.77-9.33]), and for immune system disorders with canakinumab (347.88 [217.9-555.50]) and rituximab (9.27 [2.95-29.15]). After the exclusion of reports with steroids, the ROR was significant for neonatal infections with belimumab (28.49 [5.75-141.25]). Conclusion: We identified possible associations with some adverse fetal and neonatal outcomes, suggesting that vigilance is required when prescribing certain biologics during pregnancy.

Dates et versions

hal-03870209 , version 1 (24-11-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Amandine Dernoncourt, Sophie Liabeuf, Youssef Bennis, Kamel Masmoudi, Sandra Bodeau, et al.. Fetal and Neonatal Adverse Drug Reactions Associated with Biologics Taken During Pregnancy by Women with Autoimmune Diseases: Insights from an Analysis of the World Health Organization Pharmacovigilance Database (VigiBase®). BioDrugs, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s40259-022-00564-4⟩. ⟨hal-03870209⟩

Collections

U-PICARDIE MP3CV
0 Consultations
0 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More