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Article Dans Une Revue Clinical Imaging Année : 2023

Real-time phase contrast MRI versus conventional phase contrast MRI at different spatial resolutions and velocity encodings

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Résumé

Purposes: To compare the accuracy of real-time phase-contrast echo-planar MRI (EPI-PC) and conventional cine phase-contrast MRI (Conv-PC) and to assess the influence of spatial resolutions (pixel size) and velocity encoding on flow measurements obtained with the two sequences. Methods: Flow quantification was assessed using a pulsatile flow phantom (diameter: 9.5 mm; mean flow rate: 1150 mm3/s; mean flow velocity: 1.6 cm/s). Firstly, the accuracy of the EPI-PC was checked by comparing it with the flow rate in the calibrated phantom and the pulsation index from Conv-PC. Secondly, flow data from the two sequences were compared quantitatively as a function of the pixel size and the velocity encoding. Results: The mean percentage difference between the EPI-PC flow rate and calibrated phantom flow rate was -2.9 ± 2.1% (Mean ± SD). The pulsatility indices for EPI-PC and Conv-PC were respectively 0.64 and 0.59. In order to keep the flow rate measurement error within 10%, the ROI in Conv-PC had to contain at least 13 pixels, while the ROI in EPI-PC had to contain at least 9 pixels. Furthermore, Conv-PC had a higher velocity-to-noise ratio and could use a higher velocity encoding than EPI-PC (20 cm/s and 15 cm/s, respectively). Conclusions: The result of this in vitro study confirmed the accuracy of EPI-PC, and found that EPI-PC can adapt to lower spatial resolutions, but is more sensitive to velocity encoding than Conv-PC.

Dates et versions

hal-03901272 , version 1 (15-12-2022)

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Citer

Pan Liu, Sidy Fall, Maureen Ahiatsi, Olivier Balédent. Real-time phase contrast MRI versus conventional phase contrast MRI at different spatial resolutions and velocity encodings. Clinical Imaging, 2023, 94, pp.93-102. ⟨10.1016/j.clinimag.2022.11.015⟩. ⟨hal-03901272⟩

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