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Article Dans Une Revue European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology Année : 2023

A ZP1 gene mutation in a patient with empty follicle syndrome: A case report and literature review

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Résumé

Genuine empty follicle syndrome (gEFS) is a rare cause of female infertility; it is defined as the presence of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) in follicular fluid but the absence of oocytes after denudation in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) programme. Mutations in one of the four genes encoding zona pellucida (ZP) proteins have been implicated in gEFS. The objectives of the present study were to explore the molecular basis of idiopathic infertility in a 35-year-old woman with gEFS (observed after four ovarian retrievals), compare her phenotype and genotype with those of other patients described in the literature, and discuss therapeutic approaches that could be adopted by reproductive health centres in this situation. Sequencing of the ZP genes revealed a new homozygous missense variant in ZP1: c.1097G > A;p.(Arg366Gln). The variant is located in the ZP-N domain, which is essential for ZP protein polymerization. An immunohistochemical assessment of an ovarian biopsy confirmed the absence of ZP1 protein. The novel variant appears to prevent ZP assembly, which would explain the absence of normal oocytes after denudation in our patient (and despite the retrieval of COCs). ZP gene sequencing should be considered for patients with a phenotype suggestive of gEFS. An etiological genetic diagnosis enables appropriate genetic counselling and a switch to an IVF programme (with a suitable denudation technique) or an oocyte donation programme.
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hal-03911141 , version 1 (22-12-2022)

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Mathilde Pujalte, Maïté Camo, Noémie Celton, Christophe Attencourt, Elodie Lefranc, et al.. A ZP1 gene mutation in a patient with empty follicle syndrome: A case report and literature review. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 2023, 280, pp.193-197. ⟨10.1016/j.ejogrb.2022.12.011⟩. ⟨hal-03911141⟩
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