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Article Dans Une Revue Applied Sciences Année : 2022

Comparative Analysis of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Techniques for Outdoor Heat Stress Mitigation

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Résumé

Decision making is the process of making choices by organizing relevant information and evaluating alternatives. MCDMs (Multi-Criteria Decision Methods) help to select and prioritize alternatives step by step. These tools can help in many engineering fields where the problem is complex and advanced. However, there are some limitations of the different MCDMs that reduce the reliability of the decision that needs to be improved and highlighted. In this study, Elimination and Choice Expressing Reality (ELECTRE) NI (Net Inferior), NS (Net Superior), Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solutions (TOPSIS), Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment Evaluation (PROMETHEE), VIekriterijumsko KOmpromisno Rangiranje (VIKOR), Multi-Objective Optimization Ratio Analysis (MOORA), Weight Sum Method (WSM) and Weighted Product Method (WPM) are applied for the selection of urban heat mitigation measurements under certain criteria. The models were applied using weighting criteria determined by two ways, (i) the direct weighting method and (ii) the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), for precise weighting factoring through pairwise comparison. This numerical research evaluated the reliability of MCDMs using the same decision matrix under different normalization techniques and shows the impact of AHP on the decision. The results show that WSM and PROMETHEE provided reliable and consistent results for all normalization techniques. The combination of AHP with applied MCDMs improved the frequency of consistent ranking, except with ELECTRE-NS.

Dates et versions

hal-03915638 , version 1 (29-12-2022)

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Aiman Mazhar Qureshi, Ahmed Rachid. Comparative Analysis of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Techniques for Outdoor Heat Stress Mitigation. Applied Sciences, 2022, 12 (23), pp.12308. ⟨10.3390/app122312308⟩. ⟨hal-03915638⟩

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