The bovine uterine fluid proteome is more impacted by the stage of the estrous cycle than the proximity of the ovulating ovary in the periconception period - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Theriogenology Année : 2023

The bovine uterine fluid proteome is more impacted by the stage of the estrous cycle than the proximity of the ovulating ovary in the periconception period

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Résumé

Uterine secretions provide a suitable environment for sperm selective migration during a couple of days preceding ovulation and for early embryo development before implantation. Our goal was to identify and quantify proteins in the bovine uterine fluid during the periovulatory period of the estrous cycle. Genital tracts with normal morphology were collected from adult cyclic Bos taurus females in a local slaughterhouse and classified into pre-ovulatory or post-ovulatory stages of cycle (around days 19-21 and 0-5 of cycle, respectively; n = 8 cows per stage) based on ovarian morphology. Proteins from uterine fluid collected from the utero-tubal junction to the base of each horn (four pools of two cows per condition) were analyzed by nanoLiquid Chromatography coupled with tandem Mass Spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS). A total of 1214 proteins were identified, of which 91% were shared between all conditions. Overall, 57% of proteins were predicted to be secreted and 17% were previously reported in uterine extracellular vesicles. Paired comparisons between uterine horns ipsilateral and contralateral to ovulation evidenced 12 differentially abundant proteins, including five at pre-ovulatory stage. Furthermore, 35 proteins differed in abundance between pre- and post-ovulatory stages, including 21 in the ipsilateral side of ovulation. Functional analysis of identified proteins demonstrated roles in binding, metabolism, cellular detoxification and the immune response. This study provides a valuable database of uterine proteins for functional studies on sperm physiology and early embryo development.
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Dates et versions

hal-03947204 , version 1 (19-01-2023)

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Coline Mahé, Paulo Marcelo, Guillaume Tsikis, Daniel Tomas, Valérie Labas, et al.. The bovine uterine fluid proteome is more impacted by the stage of the estrous cycle than the proximity of the ovulating ovary in the periconception period. Theriogenology, 2023, 198, pp.332-343. ⟨10.1016/j.theriogenology.2023.01.006⟩. ⟨hal-03947204⟩
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