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Antibiotic therapy in pediatric acute appendicitis: Compliance with local protocol to reduce antibiotic overuse

Abstract : Purpose: Acute appendicitis is one of the commonest surgical emergencies in pediatrics. Treatment usually consists of a combination of surgery and antibiotics. The present study was designed to assess compliance with our local antibiotic protocol and analyse the consequences of non-compliance. Methods: Children presenting with acute appendicitis between 2015 and 2017 were included in this study. The diagnosis of acute appendicitis was confirmed during surgery. Data concerning the antibiotic therapy received and infectious complications were reviewed. Results: A total of 142 children with acute appendicitis were included. Antibiotic therapy complied with the protocol in 27.4% of cases, while an excessive duration of antibiotic therapy was observed in 65% of cases. A total of 270 days of non-recommended antibiotic therapy was noted; 32% of patients received a non-recommended combination of antibiotics. The infectious complications rate was 12.8% in the group of patients receiving appropriate antibiotic therapy, and 11.6% in the group with non-compliance to the protocol. No statistically significant difference between the groups was found (P = 0.85). Conclusion: Poor compliance with the antibiotic guidelines for appendicitis resulted in antibiotic overuse with no benefit in terms of anti-infective efficacy. Better information for the medical team and repeated evaluation of our practices are essential. (C) 2020 French Society of Pediatrics. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03555115
Contributeur : Louise Dessaivre Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 3 février 2022 - 14:32:27
Dernière modification le : vendredi 25 mars 2022 - 18:12:15

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J. Surlemont, D. Lecuelle, G. Courbier, Elodie Haraux, X. Delforge. Antibiotic therapy in pediatric acute appendicitis: Compliance with local protocol to reduce antibiotic overuse. ARCHIVES DE PEDIATRIE, 2020, 27 (5), pp.261-264. ⟨10.1016/j.arcped.2020.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-03555115⟩

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