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Unexpectedly long half-life of metformin elimination in cases of metformin accumulation

Abstract : IntroductionIn a study of the oral administration of a single dose of metformin to healthy participants, the estimated half-life (t(1/2)) for the elimination of the drug from erythrocytes was found to be 23.4 h (compared with 2.7 h for metformin in plasma). However, these pharmacokinetic indices have not been well defined in metformin accumulation. MethodsWe systematically reviewed all the data on plasma and erythrocyte metformin assays available in our centre. We then selected patients with a plasma metformin concentration 5 mg/l and in whom the metformin concentration had been remeasured once or more at least 5 days after admission. ResultsTwelve patients met the aforementioned criteria. All but one of these patients displayed generally severe lactic acidosis on admission (mean sd pH and lactate: 6.88 0.35 and 14.8 6.56 mmol/l, respectively) and 11 were treated with dialysis. The mean sd time interval between the first and last blood sample collections for metformin measurement was 8.3 3.2 days (range 5-14 days). Five days after the first sample had been collected, metformin was still detectable in plasma and in erythrocytes in all patients. Metformin remained detectable for up to 13 days (both in plasma and in erythrocytes). The estimated mean terminal t(1/2) for metformin in plasma and erythrocytes was 51.9 and 43.4 h, respectively. ConclusionsThe prolonged elimination of accumulated metformin (even after dialysis therapy) challenges the traditional view that the drug clears rapidly because of a short half-life in plasma.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03555491
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Soumis le : jeudi 3 février 2022 - 16:16:21
Dernière modification le : vendredi 25 mars 2022 - 18:12:15

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F. Kajbaf, Youcef Bennis, A. -S. Hurtel-Lemaire, Michel Andrejak, Jean-Daniel Lalau. Unexpectedly long half-life of metformin elimination in cases of metformin accumulation. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 2016, 33 (1), pp.105-110. ⟨10.1111/dme.12959⟩. ⟨hal-03555491⟩

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