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Doppler Echocardiographic Indices Are Specific But Not Sensitive to Predict Pulmonary Artery Occlusion Pressure in Critically Ill Patients Under Mechanical Ventilation

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the ability of transthoracic echocardiography to assess pulmonary artery occlusion pressure in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. DESIGN: In a prospective observational study. SETTING: Amiens University Hospital Medical ICU. PATIENTS: Fifty-three mechanically ventilated patients in sinus rhythm admitted to our ICU. INTERVENTION: Transthoracic echocardiography was performed simultaneously to pulmonary artery catheter. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Transmitral early velocity wave recorded using pulsed wave Doppler (E), late transmitral velocity wave recorded using pulsed wave Doppler (A), and deceleration time of E wave were recorded using pulsed Doppler as well as early mitral annulus velocity wave recorded using tissue Doppler imaging (E `). Pulmonary artery occlusion pressure was measured simultaneously using pulmonary artery catheter. There was a significant correlation between pulmonary artery occlusion pressure and lateral ratio between E wave and E ` (E/E ` ratio) (r = 0.35; p < 0.01), ratio between E wave and A wave (E/A ratio) (r = 0.41; p < 0.002), and deceleration time of E wave (r = -0.34; p < 0.02). E/E ` greater than 15 was predictive of pulmonary artery occlusion pressure greater than or equal to 18 mm Hg with a sensitivity of 25% and a specificity of 95%, whereas E/E ` less than 7 was predictive of pulmonary artery occlusion pressure less than 18 mm Hg with a sensitivity of 32% and a specificity of 81%. E/A greater than 1.8 yielded a sensitivity of 44% and a specificity of 95% to predict pulmonary artery occlusion pressure greater than or equal to 18 mm Hg, whereas E/A less than 0.7 was predictive of pulmonary artery occlusion pressure less than 18 mm Hg with a sensitivity of 19% and a specificity of 94%. A similar predictive capacity was observed when the analysis was confined to patients with EF less than 50%. A large proportion of E/E ` measurements 32 (60%) were situated between the two cut-off values obtained by the receiver operating characteristic curves: E/E ` greater than 15 and E/E ` less than 7. CONCLUSIONS: In mechanically ventilated critically ill patients, Doppler transthoracic echocardiography indices are highly specific but not sensitive to estimate pulmonary artery occlusion pressure.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03577780
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Soumis le : mercredi 16 février 2022 - 18:15:52
Dernière modification le : jeudi 17 février 2022 - 03:03:44

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Pablo Mercado, Julien Maizel, Julien Marc, Christophe Beyls, Yoann Zerbib, et al.. Doppler Echocardiographic Indices Are Specific But Not Sensitive to Predict Pulmonary Artery Occlusion Pressure in Critically Ill Patients Under Mechanical Ventilation. Critical Care Medicine, 2021, 49 (1), pp.E1-E10. ⟨10.1097/CCM.0000000000004702⟩. ⟨hal-03577780⟩

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