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Is There an Impact of the Duration of Antibiotic Therapy on the Outcome of Nonsurgical Treatment of Complicated Diverticulitis?

Abstract : Background: Patients treated nonsurgically for complicated diverticulitis are managed by antibiotics. However, there are no recommendations concerning their duration. We aimed to determine the impact of the duration of antibiotic therapy on the risk of failure of nonsurgical treatment of complicated acute diverticulitis. Patients and Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study of patients with computer tomography (CT)-diagnosed complicated diverticulitis between January 2015 and April 2020. Treatment failure was defined as early recurrence and/or a persistent abscess by control CT. Results: In total, 148 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria [87 men (58.8%), mean age 55 +/- 15 y]. The diverticulitis was classified as Hinchey I in 41.9%, Hinchey II in 9.5%, and pericolic free air in 48.6% of cases. The median abscess size was 2.9 +/- 1.7 cm. The median duration of antibiotic treatment was 10 +/- 4.2 days. The median follow-up was 64 +/- 60 months. The rate of failure was 12.8%. In univariate analysis, treatment >10 days (P=0.015) and an abscess >3 cm (P=0.032) were associated with a risk of treatment failure. In multivariate analysis, only the diameter of the abscess remained associated with a risk of failure (odds ratio: 1.6, 95% confidence interval: 1.09-2.4, P=0.01). Conclusion: This study suggests that there is no need to extend the duration of antibiotic treatment beyond 10 days in nonsurgically treated complicated acute diverticulitis.
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Soumis le : jeudi 17 février 2022 - 10:08:19
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:26:01

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Iman Khaoudy, Charles Sabbagh, Baptiste Brac, Jean-Marc Regimbeau. Is There an Impact of the Duration of Antibiotic Therapy on the Outcome of Nonsurgical Treatment of Complicated Diverticulitis?. SURGICAL LAPAROSCOPY ENDOSCOPY & PERCUTANEOUS TECHNIQUES, 2022, 32 (1), pp.84-88. ⟨10.1097/SLE.0000000000001007⟩. ⟨hal-03578202⟩

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