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Article Dans Une Revue World journal of hepatology Année : 2020

Subclinical proximal tubulopathy in hepatitis B: The roles of nucleot(s)ide analogue treatment and the hepatitis B virus

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Christophe Renou
  • Fonction : Auteur
Armand Abergel

Résumé

BACKGROUND The recommended monitoring tools for evaluating nucleot(s)ide analogue renal toxicity, such as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and phosphatemia, are late markers of proximal tubulopathy. Multiple early markers are available, but no consensus exists on their use. AIM To determine the 24 mo prevalence of subclinical proximal tubulopathy (SPT), as defined with early biomarkers, in treated vs untreated hepatitis B virus (HBV)-monoinfected patients. METHODS A prospective, non-randomized, multicenter study of HBV-monoinfected patients with a low number of renal comorbidities was conducted. The patients were separated into three groups: Naive, starting entecavir (ETV) treatment, or starting tenofovir disoproxil (TDF) treatment. Data on the early markers of SPT, the eGFR and phosphatemia, were collected quarterly. SPT was defined as a maximal tubular reabsorption of phosphate/eGFR below 0.8 mmoL/L and/or uric acid fractional excretion above 10%. The prevalence and cumulative incidence of SPT at month 24 (M24) were calculated. Quantitative data were analyzed using analyses of variance or Kruskal-Wallis tests, whereas chi-squared or Fisher's exact tests were used to analyze qualitative data. Multivariate analyses were used to adjust for any potential confounding factors. RESULTS Of the 196 patients analyzed, 138 (84 naive, 28 starting ETV, and 26 starting TDF) had no SPT at inclusion. At M24, the prevalence of SPT was not statistically different between naive and either treated group (21.1% vs 30.7%, P < 0.42 and 50.0% vs 30.7%, P = 0.32 for ETV and TDF, respectively); no patient had an eGFR lower than 50 mL/min/1.73 m(2) or phosphatemia less than 0.48 mmoL/L. In the multivariate analysis, no explanatory variables were identified after adjustment. The cumulative incidence of SPT over 24 mo (25.5%, 13.3%, and 52.9% in the naive, ETV, and TDF groups, respectively) tended to be higher in the TDF group vs the naive group (hazard ratio: 2.283, P = 0.05). SPT-free survival at M24 was 57.6%, 68.8%, and 23.5% for the naive, ETV, and TDF groups, respectively. The median survival time without SPT, evaluated only in the TDF group, was 5.9 mo. CONCLUSION The prevalence and incidence of SPT was higher in TDF-treated patients compared to naive patients. SPT in the naive population suggests that HBV can induce renal tubular toxicity.

Dates et versions

hal-03590856 , version 1 (28-02-2022)

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Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - CC BY 4.0

Identifiants

Citer

Paul Carrier, Marilyne Debette-Gratien, Anais Labrunie, Sophie Alain, Marianne Maynard, et al.. Subclinical proximal tubulopathy in hepatitis B: The roles of nucleot(s)ide analogue treatment and the hepatitis B virus. World journal of hepatology, 2020, 12 (12), pp.1326-1340. ⟨10.4254/wjh.v12.i12.1326⟩. ⟨hal-03590856⟩
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