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Longitudinal Analysis and Comparison of Six Serological Assays up to Eight Months Post-COVID-19 Diagnosis

Abstract : Background: There is much data available concerning the initiation of the immune response after SARS-CoV-2 infection, but long-term data are scarce. Methods: We thus longitudinally evaluated and compared the total and neutralizing immune response of 61 patients to SARS-CoV-2 infection up to eight months after diagnosis by RT-PCR using several commercial assays. Results: Among the 208 samples tested, the percentage of seropositivity was comparable between assays up to four months after diagnosis and then tended to be more heterogeneous between assays (p < 0.05). The percentage of patients with a neutralizing titer decreased from 82% before two months postdiagnosis to 57% after six months. This decrease appeared to be more marked for patients under 65 years old and those not requiring hospitalization. The percentage of serology reversion at 6 months was from 11% with the WANTAI total assay to over 39% with the ABBOTT IgG assay. The neutralizing antibody titers decreased in parallel with the decrease of total antibody titers, with important heterogeneity between assays. Conclusions: In conclusion, serological tests show equivalent sensitivity in the first months after the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection, but their performance later, postinfection, must be considered when interpreting the results.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03591561
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Soumis le : lundi 28 février 2022 - 16:38:41
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:25:50

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Aurelien Aubry, Baptiste Demey, Catherine Francois, Gilles Duverlie, Sandrine Castelain, et al.. Longitudinal Analysis and Comparison of Six Serological Assays up to Eight Months Post-COVID-19 Diagnosis. Journal of Clinical Medicine, MDPI, 2021, 10 (9), ⟨10.3390/jcm10091815⟩. ⟨hal-03591561⟩

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