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Comparison of MALDI-ToF MS with the Rapidec Carba NP test for the detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae

Abstract : Although carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have become a serious public health issue, their detection remains challenging. The aim of this study was to implement a test based on imipenem hydrolysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS), using 65 strains producing or not a carbapenemase. Then, we compared its performance to that of the Rapidec Carba NP test using 20 additional strains. The MS-based test effectively discriminated between CPE and other non-carbapenem-susceptible strains compared to the Rapidec Carba NP test (sensitivity 100% and 92%, specificity 94% and 92%, respectively). The MS-based test gave less difficulty in interpretation than the colorimetric Rapidec Carba NP test. MALDI-ToF gave a result in less than one hour and limited the use of expensive molecular assays. In conclusion, the hydrolysis test based on MALDI-ToF MS can detect clinically relevant CPE isolates in routine practice. This technology, also described to screen for carbapenem resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii complex strains, also seems to be interesting in routine practice for these pathogens.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03592193
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Soumis le : mardi 1 mars 2022 - 10:09:35
Dernière modification le : vendredi 26 août 2022 - 17:50:30

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M. Choquet, R. Guiheneuf, Sandrine Castelain, V. Cattoir, M. Auzou, et al.. Comparison of MALDI-ToF MS with the Rapidec Carba NP test for the detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Springer Verlag, 2018, 37 (1), pp.149-155. ⟨10.1007/s10096-017-3115-4⟩. ⟨hal-03592193⟩

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