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Endoscopic internal drainage for the management of leak, fistula, and collection after sleeve gastrectomy: our experience in 617 consecutive patients

Gianfranco Donatelli Andrea Spota Fabrizio Cereatti Stefano Granieri Ibrahim Dagher 1, 2 Renaud Chiche Jean-Marc Catheline 3 Guillaume Pourcher 4 Lionel Rebibo 5, 6 Daniela Calabrese 7 Simon Msika 8, 9 Carmelisa Dammaro Hadrien Tranchart 1, 2 Panagiotis Lainas 1, 2 Thierry Tuszynski Filippo Pacini Roberto Arienzo Jean-Marc Chevallier 10 Nelson Trelles Andrea Lazzati 11 Luca Paolino 12 Federica Papini Adriana Torcivia 13 Laurent Genser 14, 15 Kostas Arapis Antoine Soprani 11 Bruto Randone Denis Chosidow Jean-Luc Bouillot 16 Jean-Pierre Marmuse 8, 9 Jean-Loup Dumont
Abstract : Background: Endoscopy plays a pivotal role in the management of adverse events (AE) following bariatric surgery. Leaks, fistulae, and post-operative collection after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) may occur in up to 10% of cases. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic internal drainage (EID) for the management of leak, fistula, and collection following SG. Setting: Retrospective, observational, single center study on patients referred from several bariatric surgery departments to an endoscopic referral center. Methods: EID was used as first-line treatment for the management of leaks, fistulae, and collections. Leaks and fistulae were treated with double pigtail stent (DPS) deployment in order to guarantee internal drainage and second intention cavity obliteration. Collections were treated with endoscropic ultrasound (EUS)-guided deployment of DPS or lumen apposing metal stents. Results: A total of 617 patients (83.3% female; mean age, 43.1 yr) were enrolled in the study for leak (n = 300, 48.6%), fistula (n = 285, 46.2%), and collection (n = 32, 5.2%). Median follow-up was 19.5 months. Overall clinical success was 84.7% whereas 15.3% of cases required revisional surgery after EID failure. Clinical success according to type of AE was 89.5%, 78.5%, and 90% for leak, fistula, and collection, respectively. A total of 10 of 547 (1.8%) presented a recurrence during follow-up. A total of 28 (4.5%) AE related to the endoscopic treatment occurred. At univariate logistic regression predictors of failure were: fistula (OR 2.012), combined endoscopic approach (OR 2.319), need for emergency surgery (OR 1.755), and previous endoscopic treatment (OR 4.818). Conclusion: Early EID for the management of leak, fistula, and post-operative collection after SG seems a safe and effective first-line approach with good long-term results. (C) 2021 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03597305
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Soumis le : vendredi 4 mars 2022 - 10:59:43
Dernière modification le : vendredi 20 mai 2022 - 11:06:36

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Gianfranco Donatelli, Andrea Spota, Fabrizio Cereatti, Stefano Granieri, Ibrahim Dagher, et al.. Endoscopic internal drainage for the management of leak, fistula, and collection after sleeve gastrectomy: our experience in 617 consecutive patients. SURGERY FOR OBESITY AND RELATED DISEASES, 2021, 17 (8), pp.1432-1439. ⟨10.1016/j.soard.2021.03.013⟩. ⟨hal-03597305⟩

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