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Article Dans Une Revue Innovation and Research in BioMedical engineering Année : 2020

A Non-invasive Method for Determining Biomechanical Properties of the Internal Carotid Artery

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Résumé

Objectives: Mechanical properties of the carotid artery play an important role in the progression of arterial disease such as atherosclerosis. An early change in the mechanical properties of the arteries can be introduced as a novel risk factor for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study is to estimate, in vivo, the elastic biomechanical properties of the internal carotid wall (ICA), from the noninvasive determination of the local arterial wave speed (c). Material and methods: To achieve this objective, c was determined from a mathematical and physical model developed in our previous work that uses the measurement of the instantaneous blood velocity at two sites by contrast magnetic resonance (PCMR), the study having been conducted on 20 healthy, young and old subjects. The determination of Young's modulus (E) requiring the measurement of the arterial radius (R) and the wall thickness (h), we first estimated the arterial compliance (C). Then from a segmentation of the PCMR image, we evaluated R and thus the elastance given by the product Eh. Finally, in front of the difficulty of measuring h, E was estimated from a statistical study on h. Results: Our method is sensitive to a variation of the parietal elasticity as it is the case with the age. A statistical test showed that there is a very significant difference between younger and older subjects in terms of speed wave, elastance, compliance, and Young's modulus (p<0.001). Furthermore, these results, in agreement with the reference values reported in the literature, are very promising for detecting a pathological change in parietal elasticity, as is the case in atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Thus, the in vivo application of this technique shows its potential for clinical evaluation of arterial stiffness ICA as it is fully quantitative, non-invasive and can be performed in real time. (C) 2019 AGBM. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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hal-03599014 , version 1 (06-03-2022)

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A. Ayadi, W. Sahtout, Olivier Balédent. A Non-invasive Method for Determining Biomechanical Properties of the Internal Carotid Artery. Innovation and Research in BioMedical engineering, 2020, 41 (3), pp.125-132. ⟨10.1016/j.irbm.2019.10.008⟩. ⟨hal-03599014⟩

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