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Decreased Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow Is Associated With Cognitive Deficit in Elderly Patients

Abstract : Background: Disruptions in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow during aging could compromise protein clearance from the brain and contribute to the etiology of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Objective: To determine whether CSF flow is associated with cognitive deficit in elderly patients (> 70 years). Methods: We studied 92 patients admitted to our geriatric unit for non-acute reasons using phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) to calculate their ventricular and spinal CSF flow, and assessed their global cognitive status, memory, executive functions, and praxis. Multivariable regressions with backward selection (criterion p < 0.15) were performed to determine associations between cognitive tests and ventricular and spinal CSF flow, adjusting for depression, anxiety, and cardiovascular risk factors. Results: The cohort comprised 71 women (77%) and 21 (33%) men, aged 84.1 +/- 5.2 years (range, 73-96). Net ventricular CSF flow was 52 +/- 40 mu L/cc (range, 0-210), and net spinal CSF flow was 500 +/- 295 mu L/cc (range, 0-1420). Ventricular CSF flow was associated with the number of BEC96 figures recognized (beta = 0.18, CI, 0.020.33; p = 0.025). Spinal CSF flow was associated with the WAIS Digit Span Backward test (beta = 0.06, CI, 0.01-0.12; p = 0.034), and categoric verbal fluency (beta = 0.53, CI, 0.07-0.98; p = 0.024) and semantic verbal fluency (beta = 0.55, CI, 0.07-1.02; p = 0.024). Conclusion: Patients with lower CSF flow had significantly worse memory, visuo-constructive capacities, and verbal fluency. Alterations in CSF flow could contribute to some of the cognitive deficit observed in patients with AD. Diagnosis and treatment of CSF flow alterations in geriatric patients with neurocognitive disorders could contribute to the prevention of their cognitive decline.
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Soumis le : dimanche 6 mars 2022 - 15:27:44
Dernière modification le : mardi 30 août 2022 - 14:56:24

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Jadwiga Attier-Zmudka, Jean-Marie Serot, Jeremy Valluy, Mo Saffarini, Anne-Sophie Macaret, et al.. Decreased Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow Is Associated With Cognitive Deficit in Elderly Patients. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, Frontiers, 2019, 11, ⟨10.3389/fnagi.2019.00087⟩. ⟨hal-03599020⟩



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