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Microsurgical anatomy of the inferior intercavernous sinus

Abstract : Purpose Intercavernous sinuses (ICSs) are physiological communications between the cavernous sinuses. The ICSs run between the endosteal and meningeal layers of the dura mater of the sella turcica. Whereas the anterior and posterior ICSs have been frequently described, the inferior ICS (iICS) has been less well studied in the literature; however, poor awareness of the ICS's anatomy can lead to serious problems during transsphenoidal, transsellar surgery. The objective of the present anatomical study was to describe the iICS in detail. Methods The study was carried out over a 6-month period in a university hospital's anatomy laboratory, using brains extracted from human cadavers. The brains were injected with colored neoprene latex and dissected to study the iICS (presence or absence, shape, diameter, length, distance between inferior and anterior ICSs, distance between inferior and posterior ICSs, relationships, and boundaries). Results Seventeen cadaveric specimens were studied, and an iICS was found in all cases (100%). The shape was variously plexiform (47.1%), filiform (35.3%), or punctiform (17.6%). The mean +/- standard deviation diameter and length of the iICS were 3.75 +/- 2.90 mm and 11.92 +/- 2.96 mm, respectively. The mean iICS-anterior ICS and iICS-posterior ICS distances were 5.36 +/- 1.99 mm and 7.03 +/- 2.28 mm, respectively. Conclusion The iICS has been poorly described in the literature. However, damage to the iICS during transsphenoidal, transsellar surgery could lead to serious vascular complications. A precise radiological assessment appears to be essential for a safe surgical approach.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03599359
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Soumis le : lundi 7 mars 2022 - 10:26:36
Dernière modification le : jeudi 1 septembre 2022 - 15:34:23

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Louis Chenin, Patrick Toussaint, Michel Lefranc, Eric Havet, Johann Peltier. Microsurgical anatomy of the inferior intercavernous sinus. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2021, 43 (2), pp.211-218. ⟨10.1007/s00276-020-02581-w⟩. ⟨hal-03599359⟩

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