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MRI Assessment of Right Ventricular Volumes and Function in Patients With Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot Using kat-ARC Accelerated Sequences

Abstract : OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of right ventricular volumes and function measurements in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot using two k-adaptive-t autocalibrating reconstruction for cartesian sampling (kat-ARC) accelerated sequences: a morphologic 3D cine sequence and a functional free-breathing 4D flow sequence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Seventeen patients who underwent cardiac MRI with gadolinium injection as part of follow-up of repaired tetralogy of Fallot from March 2017 to July 2018 were prospectively included in the initial study population; the final study cohort was composed of 15 of the 17 patients. Ventricle volume measurements were performed on a 3D cine kat-ARC sequence, a 4D flow kat-ARC sequence, and a 2D cine balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) sequence. The 2D cine bSSFP sequence was the reference standard in cardiac assessment. Intertechnique and interobserver analyses were performed. Bland-Altman analysis and correlation tests were used to compare quantitative measurements. RESULTS. Ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV) and end-systolic volume (ESV) values were well correlated in the right ventricle (r = 0.94-0.98) for both 3D and 4D sequences. Ejection fraction (EF) also showed good correlation for both 3D and 4D sequences (r = 0.79 and r = 0.92). Bland-Altman analysis showed good agreement between right and left ventricular volumes, with narrower limits of agreement in the left ventricle, and an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of greater than 0.80. For the 4D flow sequence, ventricular volumes were overestimated, which led to underestimation of the EF (bias for EDV = -10.2 mL, bias for ESV = -22.7 mL, bias for EF = 6.4%). Interobserver agreement was excellent for the ventricular volumes (ICC, 0.93-0.99) and fair to excellent for the EFs (ICC, 0.59-0.83). CONCLUSION. Compared with the reference standard 2D bSSFP sequence, the 3D cine kat-ARC accelerated sequence showed good accuracy and reproducibility for right ventricular measurements in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. The short duration of the 4D flow kat-ARC sequence appears promising for performing volumetric measurements.
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Soumis le : lundi 7 mars 2022 - 16:54:30
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Jeremie Vial, Roger Bouzerar, Raphael Pichois, Floriane Lhostis, Ornella Raad, et al.. MRI Assessment of Right Ventricular Volumes and Function in Patients With Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot Using kat-ARC Accelerated Sequences. American Journal of Roentgenology, American Roentgen Ray Society, 2020, 215 (4), pp.807-817. ⟨10.2214/AJR.19.22726⟩. ⟨hal-03600665⟩



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