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Biological impact of octyl d-glucopyranoside based surfactants

Abstract : Development of many branches of industry has stimulated the search for new, effective surfactants with interesting properties. Potential use of alkyl glucose derivatives on a large scale, raises questions about the possible risks associated with their entry into the natural environment. To be able to evaluate this risk, the aim of the study was to determine the physicochemical properties of octyl D-glucopyranoside and its three derivatives: N-(octyl D-glucopyranosiduronyl)aspartic acid, N-(octyl D-glucopyranosiduronyl)glicyne and octyl D-glucopyranosiduronic acid. Moreover, their biodegradability by pure bacterial strains and biocenosis present in river water was examined. While descriptions of sugar-based surfactants on microbial cells are limited, the essential element of the study was to determine the effect of surfactants on cell surface properties of microorganisms isolated from activated sludge and compare it to the effects of the petroleum based surfactants and the surfactants produced from renewable materials. The results obtained indicate that physicochemical properties of surface active agents differ depending on the presence of functional groups in the surfactants molecules. What is more, the presence of amino acid substituent in the derivatives of octyl D-glucopyranoside resulted in a slight decrease in the surfactants biodegradation efficiency, in comparison to the compounds that did not contain such a substituent, prolonging this process from 5 to 10 days. Interestingly, even relatively slightly different derivatives modified the cell surface properties in a different way. Importantly, the surfactants based on octyl D-glucopyranoside have less negative impact on environmental microorganism and better biode- gradability than the surfactant synthesized from petroleum products. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Soumis le : vendredi 18 mars 2022 - 11:59:15
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 11:24:58

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Agata Zdarta, Amanda Pacholak, Wojciech Smułek, Agnieszka Zgoła-Grześkowiak, Nadège Ferlin, et al.. Biological impact of octyl d-glucopyranoside based surfactants. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2019, 217, pp.567-575. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.11.025⟩. ⟨hal-03613182⟩

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