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Low-energy electron microscopy of graphene outside UHV: electron-induced removal of PMMA residues used for graphene transfer

Abstract : Two-dimensional materials, such as graphene, are usually prepared by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on selected substrates, and their transfer is completed with a supporting layer, mostly polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). Indeed, the PMMA has to be removed precisely to obtain the predicted superior properties of graphene after the transfer process. We demonstrate a new and effective technique to achieve a polymer-free CVD graphene - by utilizing low-energy electron irradiation in a scanning low-energy electron microscope (SLEEM). The influence of electron-landing energy on cleaning efficiency and graphene quality was observed by SLEEM, Raman spectroscopy (the presence of disorder D peak) and XPS (the deconvolution of the C 1s peak). After removing the absorbed molecules and polymer residues from the graphene surface with slow electrons, the individual graphene layers can also be distinguished outside ultra-high vacuum conditions in both the reflected and transmitted modes of a scanning low-energy (transmission) electron microscope.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03627780
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Soumis le : vendredi 1 avril 2022 - 14:46:34
Dernière modification le : mardi 13 septembre 2022 - 15:02:24

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E. Materna Mikmekova, I Mullerova, L. Frank, A. Patak, J. Polcak, et al.. Low-energy electron microscopy of graphene outside UHV: electron-induced removal of PMMA residues used for graphene transfer. Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, Elsevier, 2020, 241, ⟨10.1016/j.elspec.2019.06.005⟩. ⟨hal-03627780⟩

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