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Article dans une revue

Biomembrane Lipids: When Physics and Chemistry Join to Shape Biological Activity.

Abstract : Biomembranes constitute the first lines of defense of cells. While small molecules can often permeate cell walls in bacteria and plants, they are generally unable to penetrate the barrier constituted by the double layer of phospholipids, unless specific receptors or channels are present. Antimicrobial or cell-penetrating peptides are in fact highly specialized molecules able to bypass this barrier and even discriminate among different cell types. This capacity is made possible by the intrinsic properties of its phospholipids, their distribution between the internal and external leaflet, and their ability to mutually interact, modulating the membrane fluidity and the exposition of key headgroups. Although common phospholipids can be found in the membranes of most organisms, some are characteristic of specific cell types. Here, we review the properties of the most common lipids and describe how they interact with each other in biomembrane. We then discuss how their assembly in bilayers determines some key physical-chemical properties such as permeability, potential and phase status. Finally, we describe how the exposition of specific phospholipids determines the recognition of cell types by membrane-targeting molecules.
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Soumis le : jeudi 11 août 2022 - 15:11:41
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 août 2022 - 03:47:07




Francisco Ramos-Martin, Nicola D'Amelio. Biomembrane Lipids: When Physics and Chemistry Join to Shape Biological Activity.. Biochimie, Elsevier, 2022, pp.S0300-9084(22)00187-0. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2022.07.011⟩. ⟨hal-03749908⟩



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