Right-Side Spatial Neglect and White Matter Disconnection after Left-Hemisphere Strokes. - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Brain Structure and Function Année : 2022

Right-Side Spatial Neglect and White Matter Disconnection after Left-Hemisphere Strokes.

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Résumé

Spatial neglect usually concerns left-sided events after right-hemisphere damage. Its anatomical correlates are debated, with evidence suggesting an important role for fronto-parietal white matter disconnections in the right hemisphere. Here, we describe the less frequent occurrence of neglect for right-sided events, observed in three right-handed patients after a focal stroke in the left hemisphere. Patients were tested 1 month and 3 months after stroke. They performed a standardized paper-and-pencil neglect battery and underwent brain MRI with both structural and diffusion tensor (DT) sequences, in order to assess both grey matter and white matter tracts metrics. Lesions were manually reconstructed for each patient. Patients presented signs of mild right-sided neglect during visual search and line bisection. One patient also showed pathological performance in everyday life. Structural MRI demonstrated left parietal strokes in two patients, in the region extending from the postcentral gyrus to the temporo-parietal junction. One of these two patients also had had a previous occipital stroke. The remaining patient had a left frontal stroke, affecting the precentral, the postcentral gyri and the basal ganglia. DT MRI tractography showed disconnections in the fronto-parietal regions, concerning principally the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF). These results suggest an important role for left SLF disconnection in right-side neglect, which complements analogous evidence for right SLF disconnection in left-side neglect.

Dates et versions

hal-03749909 , version 1 (11-08-2022)

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Monica N. Toba, Raffaella Migliaccio, Alexia Potet, Pascale Pradat-Diehl, Paolo Bartolomeo. Right-Side Spatial Neglect and White Matter Disconnection after Left-Hemisphere Strokes.. Brain Structure and Function, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s00429-022-02541-7⟩. ⟨hal-03749909⟩
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