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Beneficial Effect of a Zirconium-Nitride-Coated Implant in Total Knee Arthroplasty Revision for Suspected Metal Hypersensitivity.

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Revision of total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) for suspicion of metal hypersensitivity (MHS) may require hypoallergenic implants. Results for coated implants have not been reported. The aim of the present study was to assess short-term results and survival of rTKA for MHS using a multilayer implant coating. HYPOTHESIS: Multilayer implant coating improves functional results in rTKA, with survival comparable to primary coated implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective observational study included 28 patients (30 knees) undergoing rTKA for MHS using a coated implant between May 2011 and November 2016. Exclusion criteria comprised implant malpositioning and history of infection in the affected knee. Clinical and radiological results were assessed on the International Knee Society (IKS) and SF-36 functional scores and Ewald radiological score. Survival was calculated on Kaplan-Meier estimation. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 3.8 years. Mean IKS score increased by 40.2 points (40%) [range, 28.1-52.3] (p<0.05). Mean range of motion increased by 17° [range, 9.5-24.5° ] (p<0.05). Mean physical and mental SF-36 components were respectively 44.7 and 46.1. Survivorship was 93%. DISCUSSION: There was significant functional improvement after rTKA for MHS. There were no short-term complications related to the zirconium nitrate coating. However, studies with longer follow-up will be needed for confirmation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV; retrospective study.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03767972
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Soumis le : vendredi 2 septembre 2022 - 14:09:45
Dernière modification le : samedi 3 septembre 2022 - 03:07:31

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Yassine Bulaïd, Az-Eddine Djebara, Ramy Belhaouane, Eric Havet, Massinissa Dehl, et al.. Beneficial Effect of a Zirconium-Nitride-Coated Implant in Total Knee Arthroplasty Revision for Suspected Metal Hypersensitivity.. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, Elsevier, 2022, 108 (5), pp.103320. ⟨10.1016/j.otsr.2022.103320⟩. ⟨hal-03767972⟩

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