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Osmoregulation Performance and Kidney Transplant Outcome

Abstract : Background Kidney transplant recipients have an impaired ability to dilute urine but seldom develop baseline hyponatremia before ESRD. Although hyponatremia is a risk factor for adverse events in CKD and in kidney transplant recipients, it remains unclear whether subtler alterations in osmoregulation performance are associated with outcome. Methods We studied a single-center prospective cohort of 1258 kidney transplant recipients who underwent a water-loading test 3 months after transplant to determine osmoregulation performance. Measured GFR (mGFR) was performed at the same visit. A group of 164 healthy candidates for kidney donation served as controls. We further evaluated the association of osmoregulation performance with transplantation outcomes and subsequent kidney function. Results Unlike controls, most kidney transplant recipients failed to maintain plasma sodium during water loading (plasma sodium slope of −0.6±0.4 mmol/L per hour in transplant recipients versus −0.12±0.3 mmol/L per hour in controls; P <0.001). Steeper plasma sodium reduction during the test independently associated with the composite outcome of all-cause mortality and allograft loss (hazard ratio [HR], 1.73 per 1 mmol/L per hour decrease in plasma sodium; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.23 to 2.45; P =0.002) and allograft loss alone (HR, 2.04 per 1 mmol/L per hour decrease in plasma sodium; 95% CI, 1.19 to 3.51; P =0.01). The association remained significant in a prespecified sensitivity analysis excluding patients with hyperglycemia. In addition, a steeper plasma sodium slope 3 months after transplantation independently correlated with lower mGFR at 12 months ( β =1.93; 95% CI, 0.46 to 3.41; P =0.01). Conclusions Reduced osmoregulation performance occurs frequently in kidney transplant recipients and is an independent predictor of renal outcome.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03815035
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Soumis le : vendredi 14 octobre 2022 - 12:38:16
Dernière modification le : samedi 15 octobre 2022 - 03:10:45

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Manal Mazloum, Jordan Jouffroy, François Brazier, Christophe Legendre, Antoine Neuraz, et al.. Osmoregulation Performance and Kidney Transplant Outcome. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2019, 30 (7), pp.1282-1293. ⟨10.1681/ASN.2018121269⟩. ⟨hal-03815035⟩

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