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Biallelic deletion of 1p32 defines ultra-high-risk myeloma, but monoallelic del(1p32) remains a strong prognostic factor

Abstract : Cytogenetics abnormalities (CA) are known to be the preponderant prognostic factor in multiple myeloma (MM). Our team has recently developed a prognostic score based on 6 CA, where del(1p32) appears to be the second worst abnormality after del(17p). The aim of this study was to confirm the adverse impact of 1p32 deletion on newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients. Among 2551 NDMM patients, 11% were harboring del(1p32). Their overall survival (OS) was significantly inferior compared to patients without del(1p32) (median OS: 49 months vs. 124 months). Likewise, progression-free survival was significantly shorter. More importantly, biallelic del(1p32) conferred a dramatically poorer prognosis than a monoallelic del(1p32) (median OS: 25 months vs. 60 months). As expected, the OS of del(1p32) patients significantly decreased when this abnormality was associated with other high-risk CA (del(17p), t(4;14) or gain(1q)). In the multivariate analysis, del(1p32) appeared as a negative prognostic factor; after adjustment for age and treatment, the risk of progression was 1.3 times higher among patients harboring del(1p32), and the risk of death was 1.9 times higher. At the dawn of risk-adapted treatment strategies, we have confirmed the adverse impact of del(1p32) in MM and the relevance of its assessment at diagnosis.
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03859245
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Soumis le : vendredi 18 novembre 2022 - 10:27:30
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 novembre 2022 - 12:02:09

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Anaïs Schavgoulidze, Alexis Talbot, Aurore Perrot, Titouan Cazaubiel, Xavier Leleu, et al.. Biallelic deletion of 1p32 defines ultra-high-risk myeloma, but monoallelic del(1p32) remains a strong prognostic factor. Blood, 2022, ⟨10.1182/blood.2022017863⟩. ⟨hal-03859245⟩

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