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Article Dans Une Revue Epidemiology and Public Health = Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique Année : 2022

Profiles and health risks (STIs, HCV, HIV) of injecting drug users

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Résumé

Objective. - The aim of this article is twofold: to present the sociodemographic profiles of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Togo and to assess the prevalence of health risks (sexually transmitted infections [STIs], the hepatitis C virus, and HIV), the problems linked to drug injection, and the factors char-acterizing PWIDs.Participants and methods. - Using a questionnaire, this cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 384 PWIDs in Togo. The questionnaire focused on sociodemographic characteristics, consumption history, and known health problems and risks. Snowball sampling allowed for data collection in all regions of the country.Results. - In the sampling, the results revealed prevalence of 17% for STIs and 53% for the hepatitis C virus. The onset of medical problems and STI signs was significantly triggered when the person was female, over 25 years of age, polygamous, not attending school, unemployed, and had been using drugs for more than five years. Moreover, reused injection equipment was shown to be associated with the high STI prevalence.Conclusion. - Drug injection is dangerous and results in numerous health problems. This study shows that PWID vulnerability of stems from specific characteristics, such as being uneducated, single, unemployed, bereft of parents, and having a low monthly income. Additional research is required to further investigate the health risks associated with drug injection in view of providing PWIDs with comprehensive care.(c) 2022 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Dates et versions

hal-03915652 , version 1 (29-12-2022)

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Eli Kpelly, Silke Schauder, Mawouena Komlan Bohm, Dufeil Sounga, Charlemagne Moukouta. Profiles and health risks (STIs, HCV, HIV) of injecting drug users. Epidemiology and Public Health = Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 2022, 70 (6), pp.299-304. ⟨10.1016/j.respe.2022.08.007⟩. ⟨hal-03915652⟩
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