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LE ROUGE AUX JOUES : Virginité, interdits sexuels et rapports de genre au Maghreb - Une étude d'oeuvres et de témoignages d'écrivaines (franco-)algériennes et (franco-)marocaines d'expression française

Résumé : This dissertation, produced as part of a "Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches" (HDR) in Sociology and Political Studies, entitled Le Rouge aux joues - Virginité, interdits sexuels et rapports de genre au Maghreb - Une étude d'œuvres et de témoignages d'écrivaines (franco-)algériennes et (franco-)marocaines (this work was published under the same title in 2013 in Saint-Étienne, Publications de l'Université de Saint-Étienne, coll. "Littératures postcoloniales - Long-courriers", sub-coll. "Essais", 333 pp.), sociologically analyses the social trajectories, literary strategies and productions, as well as the testimonies collected in interviews of (Franco-)Maghrebi women writers who write about intimacy, and more particularly on the issues of girls' virginity, sexuality and gender relations in North Africa. It develops new methodological reflections on the issues at stake in the use of literary materials in sociology. It shows how female virginity persists in constituting both a major stake in male and family honour and a specific (sometimes unique) symbolic capital held by a clan and mobilised within matrimonial transactions - it is exchanged for the dowry -, and also remains the keystone of the construction of the feminine in the Maghreb. Virginity thus gives rise to processes of early socialisation, often allusive, in which older women, and in particular mothers, play a crucial role. The transmission of the prohibition involves rites of symbolic closure of the hymen, verifications and certificates of virginity, the common representation of the wedding night as a 'sacrificial rape', and 'honour killings' against those who are not considered virgins. All these themes are taken up in French-speaking (Franco-)Algerian and (Franco-)Moroccan women writers' literature. The "black decade" in Algeria, and its literary translation, the so-called "emergency literature", constitutes a particular configuration, which has consequences on the writer's profession (exile, but also negotiations with French publishers who expect "sensationalist" works, featuring the - gender - violence of the civil war, or whose writing would be more "feminine" and/or orientalist), and on virgin women themselves, with the practice of "marriages of enjoyment" during the civil war, described and denounced in numerous literary works. However, women's timid - and ambivalent - resistances to the control of their bodies appear in the Maghreb (sexuality outside marriage, surgical repair of hymens), which are also echoed by women writers, in a context of relative socio-cultural change (increased schooling and work for women, rise in the legal and average age for marriage, etc.).
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https://hal-u-picardie.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03680851
Contributeur : Isabelle Charpentier Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : mardi 31 mai 2022 - 16:07:55
Dernière modification le : mardi 14 juin 2022 - 12:10:02

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : tel-03680851, version 1

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Isabelle Charpentier. LE ROUGE AUX JOUES : Virginité, interdits sexuels et rapports de genre au Maghreb - Une étude d'oeuvres et de témoignages d'écrivaines (franco-)algériennes et (franco-)marocaines d'expression française. Sociologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes En Sciences Sociales Paris, 2013. ⟨tel-03680851⟩

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